Temporary Protected Status (TPS), provides protection to certain individuals who are temporarily unable to return to their home country due to an ongoing armed conflict, an environmental disaster, or other extraordinary conditions. The Attorney General of the United States designates countries that are afflicted with these widespread crises, and has the power to both extend and terminate the period of protection. Individuals who have obtained TPS may remain in the United States and obtain work authorization for the period of time that their home country is designated for TPS. TPS does not create a path to permanent residency in itself, and following the termination of TPS, individuals will return to the immigration status they had previously unless this status has since expired, terminated, or changed through “adjustment of status.”

In the past, TPS has been granted at different periods of time to nationals of the following countries: Angola; Bosnia-Herzegovina; Burundi; El Salvador; Guinea-Bissau; Honduras; Kosovo; Kuwait; Lebanon; Liberia; Montserrat; Nicaragua; Rwanda; Sierra Leone; Somalia; and, Sudan. The most recent grant of TPS was made to nationals of Haiti after the earthquake which occurred on January 12, 2010. The USCIS website contains the latest information on which countries are designated for TPS and for what time period.